In this seminar, Niraja Gopal Jayal analyses recent attempts to reconfigure citizenship in India. While some such attempts are being contested by various new popular movements, others that are “packaged” as new welfare initiatives meet with less opposition. This also has important implications for political representation, in between the embattled liberal system, the new populist claims by the Aam Admi Party, and the 'Caesarism' of the Narendra Modi-led Bharatiya Janata Party.

Niraja Gopal Jayal, Professor at the Centre for the Study of Law and Governance, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), India. Among her published work: Democracy and the State (Oxford University Press 1999), Representing India (Palgrave Macmillan 2006), Democracy in India (Oxford University Press, 2007), and recently she authored the first history of citizenship in the largest democracy in the world - India:  Citizenship and Its Discontents: An Indian History (Harvard University Press, 2013). In "The Right to Have Rights: Taking Hannah Arendt to India" (Oxford Scholarship Online, 2015) she explores the conditions for human rights and effective citizenship in India. For more information about professor Jayal's work please see